Management and Marketing Considerations
Harvesting NTFPs simultaneously affects the health of individual plants and animals, plant and animal populations and communities, and the broader forest ecosystem. Mild effects may be caused by simply walking around in the forest. At the other end of the spectrum, management for preferred species affects stand structure and species composition. Harvest effects are a function of what is harvested as well as the timing of and technique used in the harvest.
Just as there are forest management guidelines in many states to protect water quality and other natural resource values during forestry operations, the Forest Stewardship Council has produced guidelines for NTFP management that lead to ecologically sustainable forests. The Forest Stewardship Councilfs generic guidelines for NTFP certification highlight issues to consider:
The potential for commercial use of NTFPs depends on:
Finally, intensive NTFP production, or agroforestry, represents an option for landowners interested in larger scale domestication of certain forest products. The combination of forestry and agricultural techniques is common throughout the world and is gaining recognition throughout the Lake States. Agroforestry enterprises associated with woodlands have focused on:
All of these enterprises have the potential to provide income to landowners.