5: Woodland Improvement Practices – Links & Resources

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  • How to Prune Trees (NA-FR-0195).
    Bedker, P. J., J. G. O’Brien, M. E. Mielke. USDA Forest Service, State & Private Forestry.

    Description: It describes reasons for pruning shade, ornamental, and timber trees; pruning approaches; best pruning cuts for live and dead branches; when to prune; pruning tools and guidelines; and treating wounds. It has good color drawings, a glossary, and references.

  • Forestry Best Management Practices for Invasive Species – Wisconsin Council on Forestry:

    Description: A detailed guide to managing invasives related to forest stewardship planning, forest access, reforestation and revegetation, wildlife habitat management, fire management, and transport of woody material. Includes 10 appendices with further detail.

  • Forest Invasive Plants Resource Center.
    Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry, U.S. Forest Service.

    Description: You can click on a map of north central states to bring up a list of invasive plants in a state, then look up information about each plant, such as the damage it causes, identification, and management.

  • Invasive Species.
    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

    Description: This Website provides links to short publications describing invasive, terrestrial animals and plants and aquatic animals, diseases, and plants. For each species there is a description of the problem it causes, how to identify the species, and where to report sightings or what to do about it.

  • Minnesota’s Forest Invaders: a Guide to Invasive Species.
    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

    Description: This Website shows an 8-page publication covering 14 invasive plants and 6 insects. For each species, it describes the problem it creates, how to identify it using descriptive text and photos, and what to do about it.

  • Increasing Hardwood Planting Success Using Tree Shelters(Forestry Fact Sheet 12. 1989. Lantagne, D. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Extension. 2 p.

    Description: It briefly describes the benefits of tree shelters for new hardwood tree plantings, a brief history of tree shelters, how they work, how common types of tree shelters are installed and maintained, and some common concerns with the use of tree shelters.

  • Increase Woodland Products Through Timber Stand Improvement (G5150).
    1993. Slusher, J. P.; Garrett, H. E.; Solomon, C.; Sander, I. L. University of Missouri Extension.

    Description: It describes types of timber stand improvement, including: site preparation for natural reproduction in understocked stands, thinning, release, pruning, and vine removal. It includes specific guidelines for sprout selection in TSI, cost sharing, technical assistance, and methods of removing trees from competition. No photos or drawings.

  • Thinnings and Woodland Stand Improvement
    Sagor. E. University of Minnesota Extension.

    Description: Through text and photos it explains commercial versus noncommercial thinning and different types of thinning, including: row thinning, selection thinning, crop tree thinning, and high-grading. It links to other resources relevant to Upper Midwest woodland owners.

  • Crop Tree Management in Eastern Hardwoods (NA-TP-19-33).
    Perkey, A. W. and
    H. C. Smith. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area State & Private Forestry.

    Description: A detailed guide to the crop tree management approach to woodland stand improvement. Discusses different crop tree management approaches for a variety of management objectives, including wildlife, water quality, aesthetics, and timber production. Also includes investment analyses and growth response evaluation tools.

  • Forest Stand Improvement: Resource List.
    University of Minnesota Extension.

    Description: Includes links to a wide variety of woodland improvement publications about intermediate cutting; thinning; improvement, release, and salvage cuttings; and regeneration systems from the Upper Midwest and beyond.

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