6: Managing Important Forest Types – Links & Resources

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Online Resources

  • Silvics of North America: Volume 1 Conifers; Volume 2 Hardwoods (Ag Handbook 654)1990. Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, tech. cords. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 p.

    Description: It has a chapter on every significant native tree species in North America, including its native range, climate, soil and topography, associated species, reproduction and early growth, stand management, growth and yield, rooting habitat, reaction to competition, damaging agents, special uses, and genetics.

  • Red Pine Web-based Forest Management Guide
    2006. USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station and University of Minnesota.

    Description: This very comprehensive guide to managing red pine (a.k.a. Norway Pine), includes its ecology, silviculture, forest health, economics, and management examples.

  • Woodland Owners’ Guide to Oak Management (WW-05938)
    2009. Baughman, M. J. and R. D. Jacobs. University of Minnesota Extension. 8 p.

    Description: These guidelines apply mainly to woodlands in the Driftless Area of southwestern Wisconsin, southeastern Minnesota, Northeastern Iowa, Northwestern Illinois. It covers regeneration, site quality, shade tolerance, tree size at harvest time, natural regeneration techniques, artificial regeneration techniques, improving stands for timber, managing for wildlife, protecting soil and water quality, aesthetic considerations, and pest management.

  • Silviculture and Forest Aesthetics Handbook (No. 2431.5)Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

    Description: It covers ecological tools, silvicultural methods (natural regeneration, artificial regeneration, intermediate treatments, management recommendations for 19 cover types, big tree silviculture, and forest aesthetics.

  • Managing Black Ash in the Lake States
    1987. Erdmann, G. G., T. R. Crow, R. M. Peterson, Jr., and C. D. Wilson. Gen. Tech. Report NC-115. USDA Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 10 p.

    Description: This guide for managing lowland hardwoods in the Lake States focuses on even-aged and uneven-aged management of black ash stands.

  • Approaches to Ecologically Based Forest Management on Private Lands
    1997. Kotar, J. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota Extension. 18 p.

    Description: It covers ecological concepts upon which forest management is based (definition of ecosystem, structure and composition of natural and managed forests, forest dynamics, forest site, stand or vegetation unit) and a suggested process for developing an ecologically based forest management plan.

  • Ash Reduction Model
    2010. Tara L. Eberhart, Andrew J. Storer, and Linda M. Nagel. Houghton: Michigan Technological University, School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science.

    Description: At high emerald ash borer population densities, all green, black and white ash trees are apparently susceptible to attack and can be expected to die. Long term prospects for management include biological control to reduce population densities of the insect, and resistance or tolerance of ash trees to reduced populations of the pest. In the short term, however, reduction of pest populations in local areas is achievable by removal of its breeding substrate–phloem tissue in ash trees. Guidelines are presented for what size ash to cut to reduce the most phloem tissue available for breeding emerald ash borers.

  • Minnesota Trees
    2002. D.M. Rathke. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota Extension. 96 p.

    Description: This book provides descriptions and black and white drawings for dozens of trees commonly found in Minnesota to aid their identification.

  • Tree IDVirginia Tech

    Description: This website provides a dichotomous key with text and color photos that help you sort through tree size, leaf, bud, and twig characteristics to identify most tree species in North America.

  • Dichotomous Tree Key
    Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

    Description: This Website provides a beginners tree key and more advanced tree keys for certain genera of trees. It offers black and white drawings that help you sort through leaf shapes and branching patterns to identify common tree species in Wisconsin.

  • Tree Identification Tree
    Michigan State Universitiy Extension

    Description: This website provides a dichotomous key with black and white drawings to identify common tree species in Michigan.

Print Resources

  • Growing Black Walnut (No. 00505)
    1996. Baughman, M and C. Vogt. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota Extension. 12 p. (Order Online)

    Description: This publication will help woodland owners grow black walnut trees in natural stands and plantations for timber, nuts, and agroforestry. It offers practical advice about uses of walnut wood, nuts, and byproducts; where walnut grows best; designing plantations; site preparation and weed control; planting nuts and seedlings; thinning stands; pruning; and pest management.

  • Black Walnut Management Slide Set (WW06713)
    1996. M. J. Baughman and C. Vogt. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota Extension.

    Description: 80 photographs with text descriptions show how to manage black walnut trees, including a description of walnut products, tree size and quality suitable for different products, choosing a growing site, how walnuts regenerate, site preparation for planting, planting nuts and trees, thinning stands, pruning trees, and pests.

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