Glossary – F

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Financial analysis – An analysis that estimates the profitability for an investment from
the point of view of the decision maker(s) involved in the investment.

Foliage – Leaves on a tree or other plant.

Forb – An herbaceous flowering plant that is not a grass, sedge, or rush.

Forest – A plant community in which the dominant vegetation is trees and other woody plants.

Forest management – The process of giving a forest care so that it remains healthy and vigorous and provides the products and amenities the landowner desires; also, the application of technical forestry principles, practices, and business techniques to the management of a forest.

Forest type – A group of tree species which, because of their environmental requirements and tolerance for shade and moisture, often is found growing together. A forest type is named for one to three dominant tree species occurring in it, for example, silver maple-American elm forest type.

Forestry – The science, art, and practice of managing trees and forests and their associated resources for human benefit.

Frilling – Completely encircling the stem of a tree with ax cuts that sever the bark and cambium (actively growing layer of cells) with the intent of killing the tree. Herbicide often is injected into the frill.

Full-tree skidding – See whole-tree skidding.

Fungicide – A chemical that kills fungi.

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